Visualisation-centred interventions in the healthcare-associated infections field: an integrative review

Mr Kostas Tsattalios1, Dr Colin Macduff2, Dr Audrey Stephen1, Dr Sarah Henderson1

1Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, Scotland, United Kingdom

2Glasgow School of Art, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom


Introduction: Within educational and practice based interventions to help address healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), visualisations are often used as contributory or central components. However, these have not yet been the subject of systematic and comprehensive study. This ongoing review aims to synthesise the best available evidence on visualisation-centred interventions in terms of their types, how they are structured and applied, and their related effectiveness.

Methods: Our search strategy prioritised identifying intervention-based studies with a central focus on visuals and HAIs, involving healthcare staff in clinical or learning settings, and incorporating evaluation. Following a search of 10 electronic databases (Web of Science, AMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycARTICLES, SocINDEX, SPORTDiscus, Art & Architecture Source, ERIC and American Doctoral Dissertations), 397 retrieved abstracts are being screened for relevance based on the above criteria. The CASP, QATSDD and QI-MQCS tools will be used to appraise the quality of selected studies and findings will be synthesised narratively and diagramatically.

Results: Initial indications of findings suggest much diversity in the type of visualisations being implemented and in the designs of studies evaluating them. Our conference presentation will summarise the completed findings and will feature visual mappings of the nature, scope, effectiveness and quality of these interventions as a basis for participants’ discussions.

Conclusion: Visualisation-centred interventions offer potential to positively influence healthcare professionals towards prevention and control of HAIs, but their application should be imbued with a clear rationale and their impacts should be evaluated. This review will provide foundation for further research and developments within this dynamic field.


I am a 2nd year PhD student at the School of Nursing and Midwifery, at Robert Gordon University, UK. I have a background in health psychology and I am interested in how people can change their health behaviours, what influences their decisions and how we can develop dedicated interventions. Currently, I am working in the field of healthcare-associated infections and exploring the role of theory and visualisations in the development of pertinent interventions.

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