Mr Golam Dostogir Harun1
1Daffodil International University, Icddrb, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Introduction: Infection-related diseases are still one of the key causes of morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh. The aim of this study was to explore the existing knowledge, attitude and practice towards infection control measures among nurses in the selected hospital in Bangladesh.
Methods: During November-May 2018, we used a semi-structured questionnaire to conduct the cross-sectional survey among 305 randomly selected nurses working in Dhaka medical college hospital, Bangladesh. The bivariate and multivariate analysis were done to assess the associated factors of knowledge, attitudes and practice.
Results: Among the nurses 84% were female and the mean age was 33.9 years and the average working duration was 9.5 years. Around two-thirds (65.9%) (95%, CI: .65-.71) of them had nursing diploma, 24.9% (95%, CI: .20-.30) and rest 9.2% ((95%, CI: .06-.12) had B. Sc and higher level of education. The highest majority (97.7%) of nurses is aware with the infection control practices and guideline but 34.1% disagreed with the statement that the infection can be transmitted through the medical equipments and only 36.7% (95%, CI: .31-.42) always use a mask. Infection control training found statistically significant (p. <002) in practice compare to the nurses who did not get training recently. Workload and resources constraint found statistically significant (p<.003) for infection control practices among nurses.
Conclusion: Infection control training, standard workload and availability of logistics can ensure standard infection control practice among nurses. The government and the hospital authority should focus on the mentioned issues to enhance infection control practice among nurses in Bangladesh
Golam Dostogir Harun is currently projecting research manager at the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) also Assistant Professor ( part-time) at the department of public health, Daffodil international university, Bangladesh. Dostogir Harun is a social graduate from Dhaka University, also completed his Master degree in Women and Gender Study from Dhaka University and MPH in epidemiology from Dhaka University and Daffodil International University respectively. Dostogir Harun published numbers of articles on public health issues in the peer-reviewed journals; he also presented more than 20 papers on public health issues in the international seminar and conferences.